Um outro olhar sobre o mundo

Um outro olhar sobre o mundo

segunda-feira, 19 de Dezembro de 2011

O Grande Ditador de Charlie Chaplin (discurso final)

ISTO TAMBÉM PODE SER UMA MENSAGEM DE NATAL


O GRANDE DITADOR é uma das obras mais marcantes da carreira de Chaplin. É também uma delirante, comovente e corajosa sátira a Hitler, ao seu regime tirânico e às suas sinistras ideias políticas. Este é o célebre discurso contra a opressão e a ditadura que encerra o filme e entusiasmou o Mundo.

Sinopse: Em Novembro de 1918, no meio de um exército derrotado, um soldado, que em tempo de paz era proprietário de uma barbearia, perde a memória e vai parar a um asilo. Entretanto, o Mundo evolui de convulsão em convulsão até que surge um "providencial" ditador, Adenoid Hynkel, que podia ser irmão gémeo do barbeiro. Este sai do asilo e regressa à sua barbearia, envolvendo-se, desde logo, num confronto com os arruaceiros de Hynkel. O ditador prepara a invasão de Osterlich, um país vizinho, e tenta arranjar um empréstimo junto de banqueiros judeus. Perante a recusa destes Hynkel reprime violentamente a comunidade judaica e o barbeiro vai parar a um campo de concentração. Hynkel invade Osterlich, depois de resolver as divergências com outro ditador interessado na mesma invasão, enquanto o barbeiro foge do campo de concentração. Devido às suas semelhanças com o ditador o barbeiro acaba por ser tomado por Hynkel e faz um discurso memorável denunciando a tirania.

O filme foi realizado em segredo, Chaplin resistiu a todas as pressões e ameaças e levou a sua avante. Em Outubro de 1940, pouco mais de um ano após a invasão da Polónia e o início da 2ª Guerra Mundial, estreia nos EUA.

Produção: Charlie Chaplin
Realização: Charlie Chaplin
Tit. Original: «THE GREAT DICTATOR»
Origem: E.U.A. - 1940
Com: Charlie Chaplin, Paulette Goddard, Jack Oakie, Billy Gilbert, Henry Daniell, Reginald Gardner, Grace Hayle, Maurice Moscovich, Emma Dunn.




Aí vai ele por escrito:


I'm sorry, but I don't want to be an emperor. That's not my business. I don't want to rule or conquer anyone. I should like to help everyone, if possible, Jew, gentile, black man, white. We all want to help one another. Human beings are like that. We want to live by each other's happiness — not by each other's misery. We don't want to hate and despise one another.

In this world there is room for everyone. And the good earth is rich and can provide for everyone. The way of life can be free and beautiful, but we have lost the way. Greed has poisoned men's souls, has barricaded the world with hate, has goose-stepped us into misery and bloodshed. We have developed speed, but we have shut ourselves in. Machinery that gives abundance has left us in want. Our knowledge has made us cynical. Our cleverness, hard and unkind. We think too much and feel too little. More than machinery we need humanity. More than cleverness we need kindness and gentleness. Without these qualities, life will be violent and all will be lost.

The aeroplane and the radio have brought us closer together. The very nature of these inventions cries out for the goodness in men, cries out for universal brotherhood, for the unity of us all. Even now my voice is reaching millions throughout the world — millions of despairing men, women and little children — victims of a system that makes men torture and imprison innocent people. To those who can hear me, I say — do not despair. The misery that is now upon us is but the passing of greed — the bitterness of men who fear the way of human progress. The hate of men will pass, and dictators die, and the power they took from the people will return to the people and so long as men die, liberty will never perish.

Soldiers! Don't give yourselves to brutes — men who despise you — enslave you — who regiment your lives — tell you what to do — what to think or what to feel! Who drill you, diet you, treat you like cattle, use you as cannon fodder. Don't give yourselves to these unnatural men — machine men with machine minds and machine hearts! You are not machines! You are not cattle! You are men! You have the love of humanity in your hearts. You don't hate! Only the unloved hate — the unloved and the unnatural!

Soldiers! Don't fight for slavery! Fight for liberty! In the 17th Chapter of St. Luke it is written: "the Kingdom of God is within man" — not one man nor a group of men, but in all men! In you! You, the people have the power — the power to create machines. The power to create happiness! You, the people, have the power to make this life free and beautiful, to make this life a wonderful adventure.

Then, in the name of democracy, let us use that power! Let us all unite! Let us fight for a new world, a decent world that will give men a chance to work, that will give youth the future and old age a security. By the promise of these things, brutes have risen to power, but they lie! They do not fulfill their promise; they never will. Dictators free themselves, but they enslave the people! Now, let us fight to fulfill that promise! Let us fight to free the world, to do away with national barriers, to do away with greed, with hate and intolerance. Let us fight for a world of reason, a world where science and progress will lead to all men's happiness.

Soldiers! In the name of democracy, let us all unite!

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